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The Difference between Pray and Prey and a Quiz

English is a language filled with words that sound similar but have different meanings, known as homophones. “Prey” and “pray” are examples.

Despite their identical pronunciation, these words have entirely different definitions and uses.

WordPart of SpeechDefinitionExample
PreyNoun/VerbAs a noun, it refers to an animal hunted or captured for food; as a verb, it means to hunt and kill for food.“The cheetah stalked its prey silently.” (Noun) / “Hawks prey on smaller birds.” (Verb)
PrayVerbTo make a request in a humble and earnest manner, often addressed to a deity or spiritual power; to hope or wish for something fervently.“Many people pray for world peace.” / “She would pray every night before going to bed.”

This article aims to clarify the meanings of “prey” and “pray,” providing insights into their correct usage with examples to enhance understanding and communication.

difference between pray and prey quiz

You can try out the quiz on the difference between prey and pray in the middle of this page as well!

Section 1: Exploring “Prey”

Prey: A Target of Predation

The word “prey” is primarily used as a noun, though it can also function as a verb. As a noun, “prey” refers to an animal hunted or seized for food by another animal. As a verb, it means to hunt and kill for food.

Examples of “Prey” in Use

  • Noun: “The lion quietly stalked its prey.” (Referring to the animal being hunted)
  • Verb: “Owls prey on small mammals and insects.” (Describing the action of hunting)

“Prey” is often used in contexts related to wildlife, food chains, and ecological relationships.

Section 2: Understanding “Pray”

Pray: A Spiritual or Religious Act

On the other hand, “pray” is used exclusively as a verb. It refers to the act of making a devout or earnest request, often in a religious context. Praying typically involves speaking to a deity or a higher power.

Usage in Sentences

  • “Many people pray for peace and prosperity.” (Describing a religious or spiritual request)
  • “The child knelt down to pray before bedtime.” (Indicating the act of praying)

Praying can also include hoping or wishing for something earnestly, even outside a strictly religious context.

Pray or Prey Whats the Difference Quiz

You can check out our quiz to practice the difference between pray and prey here as well can you get them all?

Prey vs. Pray Quiz

Prey vs. Pray Quiz

Question 1: “Lions often hunt their _____ in the wild.”


Question 2: “People often _____ for good health.”


Question 3: “The eagle spotted its _____ from high above.”


Question 4: “They _____ before the meal.”


Question 5: “The owl silently stalks its _____.”


Question 6: “She would _____ for her family’s safety.”


Question 7: “The cheetah chases its _____ at incredible speeds.”


Question 8: “They _____ for forgiveness.”


Question 9: “The spider patiently waits for its _____ to approach.”


Question 10: “They _____ for a bountiful harvest.”


Total Score: 0

Section 3: Tips for Differentiating “Prey” and “Pray”

Distinguishing between “prey” and “pray” is mainly about understanding their context:

  1. Contextual Clues: If the sentence involves hunting, food, or a predator-target relationship, “prey” is the correct choice. If it’s about a religious, spiritual act, or earnest wishing, “pray” is appropriate.
  2. Part of Speech: Remember, “prey” can be both a noun and a verb, whereas “pray” is always a verb. This can guide your choice based on the grammatical structure of the sentence.

Common Errors to Avoid:

  • Confusing “prey” with “pray” due to their similar pronunciation (incorrect: “Birds of prey often pray at night”).
  • Misinterpreting the context and using the wrong word (incorrect: “They went to the church to prey”).


While “prey” and “pray” may sound the same, their meanings are distinctly different and important to understand.

Recognizing the correct usage of these words enhances the clarity and precision of your communication.

Familiarizing yourself with their meanings and contexts ensures that you can convey your message effectively.

What to do next?

Do you have any mnemonic devices or tips for remembering the difference between “prey” and “pray”? Share your strategies or experiences in the comments below. For more insights into English homophones and language nuances, explore our resources and quizzes!

Other Commonly Confused words in English

Affect and EffectAccept and ExceptAdvise and Adviceyour and you’re
Lay and lieWho and whomIts and It’slose and loose
to, two and tooThat and Whichpray and praywrite, right and rite
who’s and whoseemigrate and immigratefarther and further


I have been a teacher of English for over 15 years, in that time i made hundreds and thousands of resources and learnt so much i think its worth sharing. Hopefully to help teachers and parents around the world.

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