If you want to go straight to the resource press here 🙂
As anyone who knows a little about science will know ( and all the parents out there of course) to contract means to make some thing smaller be it words or muscles. If you are a teacher i would miss out the other description of course! In this instance it means to make a word smaller, reducing its size and the time taken to say it and helping with connected speech.
They are used mostly as an informal way of writing and a quicker and therefore also informal way of speaking. so we would say ”don’t pick your nose” instead of ”Do not pick your nose” They are often misused or added in the wrong place, and yes even by teachers. See if you can see how the following examples might be funny.
Also for reasons i wont go into here ( it’s supposed to be a short post!) it is a rule of thumb not to use a contraction at the end of a sentence. Try it and you will see it sounds strange. If you really want to know why then check this out.
It can be a challenge to teach this to younger learners, but it you do head down that road the following tips and hints might make it easier for both teacher and student.
This is a tricky one, of all the phonics rules the ones surrounding the letter and sounds of ”y” are difficult to find out. Especially after our students have gone through learning The names of the letters and then the sounds they can make, and maybe even that some of those letters have more than one sound, and then we show them ”y”
The letter ”y” can be both a consonant and a vowel. There are some rules we can teach our students to help them grasp the concept. Of course, this being English these rules are mostly true and there are exceptions to this as well.
As mentioned ”y” can be a consonant and a vowel. The ”y” usually makes the consonant sound when it is a the beginning of the word. Examples are words like yellow, yacht, yes, or you.
Just to be extra confusing the letter ”y’‘ has more than one vowel sound as well as the consonant sound at the beginning. There are some rules you can use to explain to your students. If the ”y” is at the end of the word, and it is a one syllable word (I will put syllable lessons for young learners on my site as well) like dry, try, buy, why then the ”y” will make the sound of a long i.
If the word has the ”y” at the end but it has two or more syllables then the sound of ”y” is the long e sound. Word examples include candy, actually, fundamentally, tiny, wavy and many many more.
To teach this i have some worksheets and word sorting activities you can check out and i will link to them at the bottom, but also if you need stories and some online games or activities I have found some on the StarFall website. This is a Y as Long e game you can check out.
The worksheets and sorting activities can help form part of a full phonics lesson if you want to teach this. They can be downloaded at the bottom, and if you want to add or edit it i will leave the PowerPoint version too.
To the resources page if you want to check out more
Work gets in the way so it is just a quick update today, I put onto Facebook an Animal Domino’s activity and it took off! 10000 people downloaded it in just one day, so that gave me a big smile all day. I hope it was useful for you if you downloaded it.
I do these things for free, well mostly of course!, so i will put some others up that are similar over the next few days. but thought i would give a head-start to those of you that read the blog side of my website. There are two of these games on at the moment, though there are more coming. I have linked my resources page at the bottom
However, i have put a good amount of activities for younger learners in the teaching resources section of the website that all you teachers out there might like to take a look at. There are science, phonics, games, worksheets, single student and whole class activities.
I am specialised in reading and reading skills so as an ongoing project, mainly for me but hopefully useful to others of you, i am starting to record activities for guided reading as well. I think i have three full lessons on there but in my files i have hundreds so that will be improving very soon.
The link to the teaching resources is here if you did want to check it out. Please let me know what you think if you do use any of them. Thats all i ask.
The best way is to sign up on the email form and i will be giving those on the email lists access before i put on the main website.